Find Items in Libraries Near You!
Ebola Virus Facts
(CNN) -- Here's some background information about Ebola, a virus with a high fatality rate that was first identified in Africa in 1976.
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by one of five different Ebola viruses. Four of the strains can cause severe illness in humans and animals. The fifth, Reston virus, has caused illness in some animals, but not in humans.
The first human outbreaks occurred in 1976, one in northern Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) in Central Africa: and the other, in southern Sudan (now South Sudan). The virus is named after the Ebola River, where the virus was first recognized in 1976, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Ebola is extremely infectious but not extremely contagious. It is infectious, because an infinitesimally small amount can cause illness. Laboratory experiments on nonhuman primates suggest that even a single virus may be enough to trigger a fatal infection.
Instead, Ebola could be considered moderately contagious, because the virus is not transmitted through the air. The most contagious diseases, such as measles or influenza, virus particles are airborne.
Humans can be infected by other humans if they come in contact with body fluids from an infected person or contaminated objects from infected persons. Humans can also be exposed to the virus, for example, by butchering infected animals.
While the exact reservoir of Ebola viruses is still unknown, researchers believe the most likely natural hosts are fruit bats.
Symptoms of Ebola typically include: weakness, fever, aches, diarrhea, vomiting and stomach pain. Additional experiences include rash, red eyes, chest pain, throat soreness, difficulty breathing or swallowing and bleeding (including internal).
Typically, symptoms appear 8-10 days after exposure to the virus, but the incubation period can span two to 21 days.
Unprotected health care workers are susceptible to infection because of their close contact with patients during treatment.
Ebola is not transmissible if someone is asymptomatic or once someone has recovered from it. However, the virus has been found in semen for up to three months.
Deadly human Ebola outbreaks have been confirmed in the following countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Gabon, South Sudan, Ivory Coast, Uganda, Republic of the Congo (ROC), Guinea and Liberia.
According to the World Health Organization, "there is no specific treatment or vaccine," and the fatality rate can be up to 90%. Patients are given supportive care, which includes providing fluids and electrolytes and food.
Ebola Virus Treatment
Welcome to the Shaw University Guide to Allied Health!
The purpose of the Department of Allied Health is to prepare students to contribute to a global society and diverse workforce as productive, responsible, and well-educated healthcare professionals and/or graduate students.
This guide is designed for students and faculty in the Department of Allied Health. The book resources provided by the Shaw Libraries have been listed here under the different programs offered by the department.
This guide includes resources for:
- Athletic Training
- Communication Science and Disorders
- Recreation Management
- Recreational Therapy
This guide also includes general resources that are common to most areas of Allied Health:
- Library Resources - this area features resources available through the university library catalog.
- Internet Resources - this area features resources available online (links to websites, podcasts, and other online materials.)
Resources include direct links to books and e-books from the Shaw University online catalog as well as journal articles, databases, Internet links and video resources. Need help? Ask NC Live for assistance!
Recreation & Sports Therapy
Communication Science & Disorders
Did You Know?
April 6, 2014
Oakwood’s Allied Health Department Collaborates with Loma Linda’s School of Allied Health
Dr. Craig Jackson, Dean, School of Allied Heath at Loma Linda University (LLU) recently made an impactful visit with faculty and students in the Department of Allied Health at Oakwood University. This was a long-awaited visit to look at strategies to move the department forward through more collaborative efforts with both universities. Jackson’s visit was a full day of activities that began by “catching-up” with President Leslie Pollard, former colleague and associate at LLU. The remainder of the day included collaborative discussions with Dr. Flora Flood, Dean, School of Nursing & Health Professions; Ms. Mishael Cato Williams, Assistant Professor of Physical Therapy; and Dr. Maxine Garvey, Chair, Department of Allied Health.
The highlight of the day, however, was Jackson’s motivational talk to students in the department. He visited two classes - Critical Thinking in Healthcare and Medical Terminology - where he connected with students pursuing careers in various Allied Health professions.
The son of a former OU Music professor and a former OU student himself, Jackson has a passion for Oakwood and its minority students who he wants to see take their place in society and the healthcare professions where they are so badly in demand. He admonished them to find their passion and stick with it, keep their eyes on the prize, stay internally motivated and persevere through difficulties. He also shared one of many experiences he had with a former student who struggled to make it, never gave up, got the help he needed, and is now one of the most sought after in his field in southern California.
Jackson went on to caution students that though the science and health-related courses are important for their future career path, the general education courses are equally important. He explained to “wide-eyed” students that these prepare them for the soft skills that employers are also looking for: communication, critical thinking, and interpersonal skills. He shared his experiences travelling to Saudi Arabia and Japan, where LLU has Allied Health collaborations, and how these cultural exchanges impacted his own cultural sensitivity. He further advised students that similar exposures would likewise be beneficial to them in connecting with future patients and the development of excellent bedside manner.
He concluded that God gives us gifts so we can follow our passions and that OU is preparing them to use their gifts to benefit patients. At the close of the talk, Ms. Williams presented Jackson with an Oakwood University keepsake that he is sure to treasure for years to come.
SANDRA M. PHOENIX
HBCU Library Alliance
800-999-8558, ext. 4820